Some Like It Hot, Double Indemnity and The Apartment were just some of the classics that made Billy Wilder one of the most successful and lauded directors in Hollywood.
But when, in his 70s, he set out to make a movie telling the story of how an aging screen siren, Fedora, is lured out of retirement, he was snubbed by the very studios that had once feted him.
The story of the troubled shooting of the 1978 film fedora was told in a novel by Jonathan Coe in 2020, a book described by the observer as “a novel to cherish”.
now Mr Wilder & Me is itself to be turned into a movie with a multi-award winning screenwriter, director and producer. It will also explore Wilder’s journey to central Europe, where members of his family perished in the Holocaust. Wilder himself will be played by Oscar winner Christoph Waltz, who, like the great Hollywood director, was born in central Europe before becoming a star in recent Bond films.
Mr Wilder & Methe film version of Coe’s book, has what the novelist calls a “dream team” behind it: Christopher Hampton for the screenplay and Stephen Frears (a Rainha and My Beautiful Laundrette) as director, while the producer is Jeremy Thomas, whose films include the Oscar-winning The Last Emperor.
The character Fedora was played in the original movie by Marthe Keller, while the main star was William Holden, who had been in Wilder’s Sunset Boulevard. Coe, whose previous novels include the Costa book prize winner Middle England and What A Carve Up!use the fictional translator-cum-assistant Calista, hired by Wilder to help on the film’s shoot in Europe.
“I saw fedora when it came out,” says Coe, a film buff who has also penned the biography of Hollywood giant James Stewart. “It was in a cinema in Birmingham and there were four of us in the audience. All my friends were going to see alien and Close Encounters. I realized this was a sea change moment in cinema, and that Wilder had lost his audience.”
Born in the then Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1906, Wilder was one of many talented film-makers and executives who fled to Hollywood in the 1930s. His mother, grandmother and stepfather stayed behind, and all lost their lives in concentration camps.
The new film, like the Coe book, will reflect how Wilder’s return in the late 1970s to central Europe for fedora took him on a journey into the darkness of his own family history. It was ironic, too, that Wilder, rebuffed by Hollywood for fedorahad to use German funding for his movie.
By the late 1970s, Wilder was out of fashion with audiences and out of favor with Hollywood. “I had long thought it would be a poignant subject for a book,” says Coe.
Hampton, whose films include atonement and, most recently, The Father, knew immediately from reading Coe’s book that he wanted to turn it into a film. “I’d first met Billy when talking to American émigrés as a preparation for Tales From Hollywood [Hampton’s 1983 play about the European exiles who moved to Los Angeles]. He was extremely generous with his time dele, professing also to be very interested in a play about those, like Thomas Mann and Bertolt Brecht, who actually did n’t succeed in Hollywood.” Wilder, of course, did.
“I later wrote to him about the rights over a libretto for a music version of Sunset Boulevard. He instantly replied that by some ‘cruel boo-boo of the capitalist system’ he retained no rights whatsoever. Paramount, did own them, then turned down, adding that they were trading me with somebody else. That turned out to be Andrew Lloyd Webber.”
Hampton, along with lyricist Don Black, then joined forces with composer Lloyd Webber to turn the 1950 movie into a musical. “Billy liked it very much,” says Hampton, who admits to “an extravagant admiration” for Wilder’s films. “It’s their unique combination of mitteleuropean and American sensibilities. What fascinated me, too, about Jonathan’s book is his treatment of him of the way older artists can feel nudged out by the pressures of modernity.”
Coe recalls himself reading an interview with Wilder, who – while clearly hurt by fedora not being made by a Hollywood studio – related his feelings about filming in Germany with German funding. “He actually said it was a ‘win-win situation’. If the film was a success, it was his revenge on Hollywood. If it was a failure, it was his revenge on Auschwitz.
“I felt this was such an audacious comment from somebody whose mother had died in a camp that it would have to form the heart of a novel. I felt a compulsion to attempt a portrait of a man who could make a joke like that.”
Disappointingly, fedora was neither a critical nor a box office success. However, the Mr Wilder & Me film will at the very least remind audiences what an extraordinarily talented man Wilder was – even if viewed through the lens of his fading movie career.